( The Germans could not remove all the signs, so adopted the V Sign as a German symbol, sometimes adding laurel leaves under it, painting their own V's on walls, vehicles and adding a massive V on the Eiffel Tower.
In 1942, Aleister Crowley, a British occultist, claimed to have invented the usage of a V-sign in February 1941 as a magical foil to the Nazis' use of the Swastika.
He maintained that he passed this to friends at the BBC, and to the British Naval Intelligence Division through his connections in MI5, eventually gaining the approval of Winston Churchill. President Richard Nixon used the gesture to signal victory in the Vietnam War, an act which became one of his best-known trademarks.
Crowley noted that his 1913 publication Magick featured a V-sign and a swastika on the same plate. He also used it on his departure from public office following his resignation in 1974.
The V sign is a hand gesture in which the index and middle fingers are raised and parted, while the other fingers are clenched.
It has various meanings, depending on the cultural context and how it is presented.
Between 19 a group of anthropologists including Desmond Morris studied the history and spread of European gestures and found the rude version of the V-sign to be basically unknown outside the British Isles.