Amsterdam's prosperity declined during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
The main reasons for the uprising were the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, and the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly introduced Inquisition.
The revolt escalated into the Eighty Years' War, which ultimately led to Dutch independence.
The certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme (people residing near Amestelledamme).
Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen, Rotterdam, and Utrecht.
From the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League.