Same-sex unions were known to have occurred in addition to opposite-sex marriages, existing simultaneously as an educational union available between teacher and pupil, for both men and women outside of their heterosexual arrangement.
Such beliefs were not universal in ancient Greece, however.
By the fourth century, anxiety toward obviously pervasive same-sex unions reached a peak when the state passed a law promising punishment to anyone entering a same-sex marriage (Eskridge).
Western Religious Attitudes of Same-Sex Sexuality Biblical attitudes toward homosexuality are often reduced to strict condemnation based upon passages interpreted from the Old Testament Book of Genesis, though some scholars suggest that the description of same-sex relationships as “unnatural” only means “out of the ordinary” and not “immoral” (Pickett).
Sexuality, in other words, and not just homosexuality came under attack by a growing religious belief that intercourse was meant only for the production of children.
Ultimately, excessive sexual indulgence of any kind both inside and outside the bonds of marriage was prohibited by Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, with the most sever condemnation saved for homosexuality, particularly of men (Ishay).
Japanese Buddhism records the most tolerant attitude toward homosexuality, in essence praising it for its mystery (Ishay).