After the Stonewall riots, gays and lesbians in New York City faced gender, race, class, and generational obstacles to becoming a cohesive community.Within six months, two gay activist organizations were formed in New York, concentrating on confrontational tactics, and three newspapers were established to promote rights for gays and lesbians. On June 28, 1970, the first gay pride marches took place in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Chicago commemorating the anniversary of the riots. Today, Gay Pride events are held annually throughout the world toward the end of June to mark the Stonewall riots. Army, and other government-funded agencies and institutions, leading to a national paranoia. State Department on the theory that they were susceptible to blackmail.
At the time, the Stonewall Inn was owned by the Mafia.
It catered to an assortment of patrons and was known to be popular among the poorest and most marginalized people in the gay community: drag queens, transgender people, effeminate young men, butch lesbians, male prostitutes, and homeless youth.
Gradually, members of these organizations grew bolder. Kameny wrote that homosexuals were no different from heterosexuals, often aiming his efforts at mental health professionals, some of whom attended Mattachine and DOB meetings telling members they were abnormal.
Frank Kameny founded the Mattachine of Washington, D. organized a picket of the White House and other government buildings to protest employment discrimination.
Many lived double lives, keeping their private lives secret from their professional ones.